Household Sewage Systems

Regulation

The Environmental Health Department regulates all household sewage treatment systems (HSTS) in accordance with Chapter 3701-29 of the Ohio Administrative Code and any other resolutions adopted by Geauga Public Health. This includes all 1, 2 and 3 family residential dwellings served by an individual household sewage treatment system. of the estimated 32,350 housing units in Geauga County, approximately 70% rely on household sewage systems to dispose of waste water.

In addition to the OAC Chapter 3701-29 Household Sewage Treatment systems, the Geauga County Board of Health adopted the following local codes that are in the Document List below: Supplements to Section 6, Inclement Weather Occupancy Permit, For Sale of Property Evaluation, Rules for Land Application of Septage.

Sanitary sewage systems that convey sewage to a central wastewater treatment plant are regulated by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and maintained by the Geauga County Department of Water Resources or the municipality in which they are located.

For household sewage treatment systems Geauga Public health provides the following:

  • Site evaluation for new systems
  • Permits for new systems
  • Permits to alter existing systems
  • Investigation of complaints for malfunctioning systems
  • Enforcement measures for failure to comply with these regulations ( which includes hearings before the Geauga County Board of Health and referral to the Geauga County Prosecutors Office for placement on the docket of the Common Pleas Court)

Site Evaluations

What is a site evaluation?

A lot evaluation determines the feasibility of installing a sewage treatment system on a parcel of land, whether it is a vacant parcel or has an existing home on the lot. A Registered Sanitarian from Geauga Public Health will visit the site to determine this feasibility. The following items must be completed before the sanitarian will visit the site.

  1. The lot evaluation form must be completed and fees paid to the department.
  2. Soils information of the site must be submitted to the office. Soil information can be obtained from a certified soils scientist with the Association of Ohio Pedologist or American Society of Agronomy.
  3. A site plan on a scalable 1″=50′ on a topographical map with 2′ contours must be submitted to the office showing the existing or proposed house, driveway, water well, sewage disposal system and replacement area. This can be printed from the Geauga REALink property information system by selecting the parcel to be evaluated, selecting the map tab, and selecting Health Dept. Map from the print choices in the GIS toolbar. Site plans should be larger than 11″X17″ (ledger or tabloid paper) for filing with GPH.
  4. Stake out the proposed house, driveway, water well, sewage disposal system and replacement area. The property lines need to be staked every 50 ft (Lot evaluations procedures in more detail are in this information sheet).

Upon completion of these items you can contact a sanitarian from Geauga Public Health to schedule an appointment to the visit site.

Permits

Geauga Public Health issues permits for installing new sewage treatment systems and for alteration of existing systems. After a lot evaluation is completed and approved a permit may be obtained from Geauga Public Health.

Inspections

When a new household sewage treatment system is installed, the registered sewage installer must contact a Registered Sanitarian from Geauga Public Health to inspect the system. The sanitarian conducts an inspection to assure compliance with Chapter 3701-29 of the Ohio Administrative Code and any other resolutions adopted by the Geauga County Board of Health.

Household Sewage Treatment System Installers and Service Providers

Individuals and companies that install or service household sewage treatment systems (HSTS) in Geauga County must be registered with Geauga Public Health per OAC 3701-29-03(C)(1), complete all examination requirements of OAC 3701-29-03(C)(2), maintain a surety bond found in OAC 3701-29-03(C)(6), and maintain compliance with all other sections of OAC 3701-29-03.

A list of those individuals and companies currently registered as household sewage treatment system installers or service providers can be obtained from Geauga Public Health, or on this website.

Records

Records of private sewage system installations are kept on file at Geauga Public Health, and are retrievable by address and road name.

Investigations

The Environmental Health Department investigates all complaints on failing or malfunctioning household sewage treatment systems, including older style household sewage disposal systems that are no longer installed in the State of Ohio. The Board of Health enforces regulations for landowners who fail to comply with these regulations through administrative hearings and through the Geauga County Prosecutor’s Office.

Soil Evaluators (Scientists or Classifier)

Soil evaluators must maintain compliance with OAC 3701-29-07, which specifies that the soil scientist or soil classifer must be certified by the Soil Science Society of America (SSSA), or registered by a state or national organization with equivalent minimum qualifications and/or demonstration of competency for soil evaluation as approved by the Director of Health.

Below are online references for finding qualified soil scientists.

Household Sewage Treatment System Documents

Title
File
Date
Year Category
Septic Smart Presentation FINAL-SepticSmart-Presentation_2023.pdf Sep 20, 2023 2023-09-20 Environmental HealthGeneral EducationHousehold Sewage Treatment SystemO&M Program
List of Registered Sewage System Installers in Geauga County Sewage-Installers-04-11-2024.pdf Feb 23, 2023 2023-02-23 Environmental HealthGeneral EducationHousehold Sewage Treatment SystemO&M ProgramSewage System Installers & Service Providers
Registered Sewage System Service Providers 2024-Service-Provider-List-04-19.pdf Feb 23, 2023 2023-02-23 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment SystemO&M ProgramSewage System Installers & Service Providers
List of Registered Septic Haulers (cleaners) in Geauga County Sewage-Treatment-03-12-2024-Septic-Hauler-List.pdf Feb 23, 2023 2023-02-23 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment SystemO&M ProgramSeptic Tank CleanersSewage System Installers & Service Providers
Geauga County Sewage, Water well & Plumbing Owner’s Manual SewageBooklet.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Lot Evaluation and Design Instructions and Checklist Lot-Evaluation-and-Procedure-Sheet-12-2-22.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Homeowner Acknowledgement Form: Pretreatment Requirements AcknowledgementPretreatment-Fillable-12-2-2022.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Homeowner Acknowledgement Form: NPDES Discharging HSTS AcknowledgementNPDES-Fillable-12-2-2022.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Homeowner Acknowledgement Form: Spray Irrigation AcknowledgementSpray-12-2-2022.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Sewage Treatment System Abandonment AbandoneSeptic.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Geauga Public Health Rules for Land Application of Septage 3701-29-26.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
For Sale of Property Evaluation 3701-29-25-1.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Inclement Weather Occupancy Permit 3701-29-24.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
Geauga Public Health Supplement to Section 6 of the Geauga County Health Department Requirements for Sanitation Geauga-Supplemental-Rules.pdf Feb 8, 2023 2023-02-08 Environmental HealthHousehold Sewage Treatment System
No Results Found